Church Acoustics2024-06-24T10:57:16-07:00

Church Acoustics

Make a joyful noise unto the Lord, all the earth:
make a loud noise, and rejoice, and sing praise. —Ps 98:4

ASC offers a comprehensive approach to improving the acoustics in your church. We have been solving acoustic problems in churches all over the country for over since 1984. We analyze your church acoustic dilemma, design the solution, build it and ship it to your church, ready for you to install. Below are the various acoustic services provided by ASC.

We are dedicated to taking the mystery out of an often complex and confusing topic regarding Church Acoustics

An acoustically balanced space is essential to convey the message and mission of the church through sermon, music, and congregational interaction. ASC offers turnkey acoustic improvements, from analysis/design to product installation, that are tailored to your current and future needs. A great sounding church inspires and supports both intellectual and emotional involvement, leading the congregation to unity and dedication.

  • Church Voicing

  • Budget Line

  • Existing Sanctuary Tuneup

  • Fellowship Halls

  • Gymnatorium

  • Conversions

  • New Sanctuary Design

Testing, Design & Consulting Services

Along with the manufacturing and sales of acoustical products, ASC offers initial RT-60 analysis to help customers select and use our products effectively. This service will give you a Technical Report and Reverberation Analysis and can be applied to the final purchase of an acoustic package.

Additional services include:

Getting Started: Baseline RT-60

Every church should have a baseline RT-60 measurement on file. This measurement is used by all sound professionals, A/V installers, etc. A new RT-60 measurement should be taken after every remodel or alteration to the Sanctuary. Even a new paint job can alter this important measurement. We’ll provide complete RT-60 charts and data summary. Cost: $300

Recommended Acoustic Absorption Report

After the RT-60 analysis data is collected, ASC compares it to the church floorplan. We’ll run the calculations to determine how many Sabins of absorption will be required to bring the RT-60 down to acceptable levels. The generated report lists how many square feet of acoustic absorption panels are needed. While this is not church voicing, it is useful information in the budgeting and fund-raising process. Cost: $300

Sanctuary Acoustic Design Services

This is the process of voicing your church Sanctuary based on the needs of your congregation. This process takes the previously gathered test data to the next level by generating an acoustic placement plan with drawings and cost break downs. ASC’s engineering department interfaces directly with your building committee to arrive at the best possible acoustic plan. Cost: $1000

Hourly Consulting and Guidance

Are you feeling completely overwhelmed and confused about acoustics for your church? ASC has the answer. Hire our Engineering Department by the hour to answer all your questions. We’ve been improving church sound for over 25 years, and have dealt with many of the issues unique to churches. The hourly fee for this service is $80-198/hour depending on complexity

Sample Projects


We are building a new sanctuary and we’re trying to decide between flat or vaulted ceiling. Which would be better for the acoustics?2022-02-02T11:58:22-08:00

Let’s ask ourselves: flat or vaulted ceiling for new sanctuary? A shallow vaulted ceiling is better than a flat ceiling. Most churches build their vaults running front to back so that there is a high wall section at the front. However, a shallow vaulted ceiling actually sounds better if the vault runs side to side. This is because the sound is stored in the high volume part of the space, which is located under the peak of the vault. So, the sound is stored side to side in the area where the people sit.

Furthermore, people’s ears are separated sideways so we are more sensitive to side to side sounds. People tend to like the spacious effect of side to side sound storage. A slightly sloped ceiling at the front of the church moves sound away from the front towards the congregation, keeping the launched sound clear and unmuddled. A slightly sloped ceiling towards the back of the seating area compresses the sound coming from the front making it louder for people sitting further away, which is good, too.

A slightly sloped ceiling still keeps the sound of congregational singing within the congregation, where it belongs, just like a flat ceiling does, which is good. Flat ceilings are not good, though. All sounds that hit the flat ceiling are reflected back down to the floor at the same time. The timing for floor-ceiling reflections is the same everywhere in the church. This creates a horrible droning tone problem.

Remember that, no matter whether you build a flat or vaulted ceiling for new sanctuary, or which direction you aim your vault, you will still need to address the acoustics of the space. This means you will typically need ASC acoustical treatment on the back wall and on the side walls.

The front of the church is usually built with a raised stage that is carpeted. You’ll want to make sure the stage is quieted from drumming and thudding sounds by building it with ASC WallDamp between the joints and filling the cavity under the stage with ASC SonicSnow. The front of most churches can be left fairly reflective.

Choir areas need proper design. Don’t put them out in the open, they need reflections returned to them so they can hear themselves and stay in tune. Don’t use carpet under the piano or choir. Carpet the speaking area and, if there is a praise band, you’ll need additional ASC acoustics to get the loudness under control and to get the mics working right.

Use one high central speaker cluster for speech and two side main speakers for music. Only the soloist should sing through the central cluster.

Things always work best if you design the church from the beginning around the acoustics. After all, if people can’t hear what’s being said, they stop coming.

My church is undergoing an interior restoration/rennovation project. There are many things we are considering in our endeavor, but the one major object involves the placement of our church organ and choir. I have heard that the best acoustical position for the organ is on the main axis of the church. Can you confirm this or shed some light on this theory?2022-02-03T09:41:11-08:00

What would be the best acoustical positions for the choir and organ while a church is undergoing an interior restoration? First, it’s important to note that the physical location of the organ keyboard is one thing and the locations of the pipes or speakers is another. The type of organ or keyboard can make a difference as to where to best place it. An organ is typically played in a reverberant space. Organ music is written so that the reverberation left over from the prior note mixes with the sound of the next note to form a chord. It is important to protect the reverberant part of the sanctuary for the sake of the organ. The organ is usually located in a position that easily and loudly stimulates the reverberation of the hall in which it is located. If you move the organ, you change the relationship between the sound generated by the organ and the reverberation of the hall. The ceiling often has impact on how the sound is stored and diffused throughout the space. If you move the organ, it will change how the sound is fed to the ceiling, changing the way it sounds in the hall. Organs are often located along the centerline of a church so that they can stimulate as much reverberation in the room as possible.

It’s a good idea to contact the organ manufacturer or installer before moving the organ. They usually have a lot of experience matching the organ to the hall.

Everything pertaining to the organ also applies to the choir. Except that the choir must also be able to hear themselves. Placing the choir in a gallery allows some of the sound to be held within the gallery. The choir sound heard by the congregation is “pre-blended” by the walls, ceiling, and floor of the gallery. This makes their sound sweeter, more full, and almost larger than life. The people in the choir can hear themselves and each other because they are essentially singing in a room that happens to have a large door (the opening to the rest of the church). Choir members who can hear themselves and each other better stay in tune and on tempo better.

If you move the choir too far out into the open they struggle against the thinness of their sound. However, there are some churches who tire of the old world sounds of worship. The reverberant organ and choir may no longer be a valued part of their service. Perhaps the organ is being moved forward to join a contemporary praise band. Likewise, the choir may be being turned into the backup vocalists for the lead voices in the band. In this case, gut the old gallery, turn it into a spotlight deck and get on with the show. But, be aware that now their is a whole new issue of acoustics to deal with: the interaction of amplified sound within your reverberant hall.

Our sound technician keeps complaining about echoes and feedback and always tries to fix them by buying new speakers and microphones and moving everything around, but the problem is never completely fixed. Is he doing something wrong?2022-02-03T09:18:27-08:00

This is exactly what people always try first when complaining about echoes and feedback. They generally exhaust themselves dealing with this very issue. They buy more and more electronic equipment without ever getting the improvement they need until they’re finally ready to give up on the allure of electronics, sit down, and listen and learn about the world of acoustics.

Acoustics is a whole world, invisible to the eye, but very audible to the ear. Once the sound is launched in the air, only acoustics can help guide it to where it is supposed to go. That’s what we do at ASC. We take over where the electronics leave off. Here is how we work: we get photos, floor plans, elevations, descriptions of the problem, and often times audio recordings from you. Then we estimate the probable cost for the “fix” for your particular situation. Now you have a budget to talk about. Once you decide that you’re ready to start working to fix the problem, we analyze the problem in detail, design and build the solution and you install it. You get to skip the middle man by purchasing the proper solution direct from the factory.

We can also work with your audio technician, train them to do the testing we need to analyze the room, provide appropriate photos, and conduct interviews. We do our homework before we invest any time in working up a design. We have to know what the rules are within the church so we can work within those guidelines.

To answer some of your specific concerns, you should know that it is the echoes that create feedback. Sound technicians are always fighting “gain before feedback”. Improving the on-stage acoustics is one way to improve this. Eliminating echoes also helps to improve the mic problems. Of course, it is always a good idea to first check to make sure the sound system is set up properly and not aimed directly at the microphones. Beyond this, it is the acoustics that can make the necessary improvements.

We are replacing carpeting, what alternatives are available and what is their acoustic impact?2022-02-02T11:47:32-08:00

This is a classic question asked time and time again when replacing carpeting. Let’s examine the impact of carpeting in the sanctuary. Carpets kill sibilance – the “tssss” “shhhh” sounds. This takes the life out of the sonic aire. Carpets have no effect on the vowel sounds – a, e, i, o, u. The issue with acoustics is, to a significant degree, the frequency response of the material. Carpet kills treble and does nothing to the bass.

Generally, carpeted floors are not good for congregational singing. They leave the singing space too dull and boomy. On the other hand, if you like the sound of your sanctuary with the current carpet, then you should replace the carpet with a like carpet. If it feels too dead, particularly for congregational singing, consider removing, rather than replacing, the carpet. As an alternative, you might consider Berber which has a very tight weave and does almost nothing to the sound, but it is rather expensive.

The point is that hard surfaces support congregational singing and, generally speaking, churches like to have bright and lively sounding congregational areas. Many churches have carpeted walkways and wood or concrete flooring under the pews. This way there is a quiet entry and exit path with a lively singing space.

Another carpet problem to consider is that when a piano is played over carpet it dulls the sound. Try adding an office chair plastic carpet protector under the piano and you’ll hear how it brightens up and starts to actually sound like a real wood instrument. Choirs are plagued by the same problem. Putting a choir on a carpeted floor is like pulling out vocal chords.

In contrast to this, putting carpet on the floors under the chairs in Sunday school and in office spaces is an excellent idea. The rooms tend to be smaller and there is a lot of “creature noises”, such as shifting chairs, bodies, and papers. Carpet is great at quieting these noises.

Be sure you know the reasons why you want to change carpet before doing so. This will help you select the best solution for your situation. Remember, any change in the acoustics load will appear in the voice of the room. Carpet has lots of fibers which present acoustic friction. Removing carpet changes the amount of acoustic friction in the room, which changes the reverberation of the room.

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